Amelia Grant

I am Amelia Grant, journalist, and blogger. I think that information is a great force that is able to change people’s lives for the better. That is why I feel a strong intention to share useful and important things about health self-care, wellness and other advice that may be helpful for people. Being an enthusiast of a healthy lifestyle that keeps improving my life, I wish the same for everyone.

10 Effective Tips to Reverse Diabetes

Over 34 million Americans have diabetes, a chronic disease that affects how your body converts food into energy. Diabetes develops when the body is unable to produce or use insulin effectively due to an excess of it in the bloodstream rather than in the cells.


Excess blood sugar damages the body's smallest blood vessels, reducing blood flow and starving the capillaries that feed the tissues.


Excess sugar can also have an effect on the lens of the eye, causing cataracts, or cause neovascularization or the formation of new fragile vessels. Glaucoma or hemorrhage within the eye can result from neovascularization.


1. Know More About Diabetes

Although diabetes cannot be cured, you can put a stop to the threat of complications! If you know how to fight diabetes, you can live a long and healthy life without ever experiencing its complications.


You would never go to war and fight someone unless you knew everything about them and how they could hurt you. Fighting diabetes is similar. You must understand what you are dealing with as well as the mechanism by which diabetes harms the body.


High blood sugar levels are harmful to your eyes, kidneys, and nerves.


2. Stop Eating Processed Foods

Limit your intake of highly processed foods and sugary desserts. Consume them sparingly, only on special occasions, and in small amounts. Furthermore, if you make your own desserts during the holidays, make them diabetic-friendly by substituting natural sweeteners like stevia or monk fruit for regular sugar and regular white flour for whole wheat flour.


3. Know Your Carbs

Know what foods contain carbohydrates and how much to eat. In general, limiting calories to 60-75g for men and 45-60g for women per meal is a good rule of thumb. Of course, you should consult with a registered dietitian who is a Certified Diabetes Care and Education Specialist (CDCES) to determine your specific needs.


4. Stay Active

Physical activity is one of the most effective natural ways to lower blood glucose levels. Physical activity promotes muscle growth, which requires more glucose (or'sugar'). Furthermore, your body uses glucose as fuel while performing physical activity. One session of physical activity can significantly lower your blood sugar.


5. Manage Your Stress

Find ways to deal with your stress. Even if you ate a perfect meal, stress can cause your glucose to rise. Learning to manage your stress can be an effective way to help control your diabetes. Can you think of any ways to reduce your stress? Dancing, warm baths, reading, meditation, and physical activity are a few ways my clients deal with stress naturally.


6. Eat Your Veggies

If possible, avoid canned vegetables. Vegetables are beneficial for two reasons. The first is that they take up space on your plate and in your stomach that would otherwise be filled with carbohydrate-containing foods. When you pile vegetables on your plate, there is less room for other foods. Second, vegetables are high in fiber and low in carbohydrates.


Fiber slows digestion and, as a result, glucose absorption. It has been demonstrated that when high-fiber foods are consumed in a meal, glucose does not peak as high or as quickly.


7. Lose Weight

Loss of visceral fat, or fat around your organs, can aid in the prevention of diabetes and the remission of Type 2 diabetes. When one loses weight around the pancreas and liver, the beta cells in the pancreas are able to produce more insulin, lowering blood sugar levels.


A low-carbohydrate diet is an effective strategy for weight loss and blood sugar control. It is recommended to take an individualized approach to carbohydrate intake, with a focus on long-term sustainability.


8. Tweak Your Diet

Small dietary changes are the most effective way to prevent diabetes or improve control. Don't consume your calories. Avoid or limit your consumption of bread. Remove the top piece of a sandwich or burger before eating. You may appear strange eating it, but it contains fewer carbohydrates. Remember that not all sugars are sweet. Carbohydrates are present in sweet foods such as cakes and pastries, as well as bread, pasta, and rice.


9. Surgery

Surgery may be necessary in extreme cases. Long-term outcomes are better with bariatric surgery, gastric bypass, and gastric sleeve than with gastric banding. If patients have a BMI of 35 or higher, have had type 2 diabetes for less than 5 years, and do not use insulin, they should consult with their doctor because there are serious health risks involved.


10. Intermittent Fasting

Intermittent fasting can help reverse type 2 diabetes. It can help with weight loss and lowering insulin levels, as well as improving insulin sensitivity, increasing fat oxidation, and lowering oxidative stress if done correctly. Intermittent fasting is not recommended for all patients with type 2 diabetes because it increases the risk of low blood sugar episodes and is not suitable for everyone. It is best to discuss the option with a Health Care provider and incorporate it safely.

What to Know About Varicose Veins in Men

Veins are blood vessels that transport blood from organs, muscles, and other tissues throughout the body back to the heart. They have one-way valves to prevent blood from returning to the heart.


Varicose veins are swollen and twisted veins that can develop in both men and women. An estimated 35% of adults in the United States have varicose veins, which are often harmless but can lead to circulation complications. Treatment, which may be performed for cosmetic or medical reasons, typically entails the removal or closure of affected veins.


Symptoms of Varicose Veins in Men

Bulging veins in the lower legs are the primary symptoms of varicose veins in men. Aside from their appearance, varicose veins rarely cause any other symptoms.


Aching legs, heaviness in the lower legs and feet, itchiness, nighttime cramps, and swelling in the lower legs are all symptoms of varicose veins.


Causes of Varicose Veins in Men 

Varicose veins form when the veins are under too much pressure. This can happen if the vein's valves or other parts become weak or injured. As a result, blood can begin to pool, causing veins to swell.


Risk Factors for Varicose Veins in Men 

Varicose veins can be caused by a variety of factors. Age, a family history of varicose veins, obesity, a sedentary lifestyle, and standing for long periods without walking are all risk factors.


Complications of Varicose Veins 

Varicose veins can have an impact on the appearance of the legs, which is why many people seek treatment. Large or numerous varicose veins, on the other hand, may pose a health risk. The following are some of the most common health issues associated with varicose veins.


Deep vein thrombosis

Varicose veins frequently affect veins near the skin's surface. Phlebitis occurs when these veins harden and become warm to the touch. A clot (also known as a thrombus) that forms in a superficial vein as a result of phlebitis usually does not pose a serious health risk and resolves on its own.


Blood clots in varicose veins differ from deep vein thrombosis (DVT), which occurs when a clot forms in a deeper vein in the leg. DVT can become detached and travel to the lungs, where it can become a pulmonary embolism, blocking blood flow and limiting the body's ability to oxygenate the blood.


Leg ulcer

A varicose vein-caused leg ulcer is also known as a venous ulcer. These ulcers are open sores that are difficult to heal because swollen veins impair blood flow in the legs. Leg ulcers commonly develop near the ankle.


May-Thurner syndrome

May-Thurner syndrome is a rare condition in which an artery in the pelvis compresses a vein, causing dangerous blood clot formation. May-Thurner syndrome is characterized by varicose veins, venous ulcers, and swelling in the affected leg.



There are three primary varicose vein treatment options. They are all generally safe and effective, with quick recovery times.


Endovenous ablation

This procedure uses lasers or radiofrequency energy to seal off the affected vein. The procedure is performed as an outpatient under local or general anesthesia. Bruising and temporary skin discoloration are common side effects of the procedure.



Sclerotherapy is another common procedure used to treat varicose and spider veins. It is also an outpatient procedure with a quick recovery time. During sclerotherapy your vein doctor injects a solution into the varicose vein with a very fine needle, causing it to shrink and close off.



For larger or deeper varicose veins, surgery to remove the affected portion of the blood vessel may be the best option. One common surgical procedure, known as vein ligation and excision, involves tying off the varicose vein's source and removing portions of the swollen varicose vein.


This can be combined with vein stripping, which has largely been replaced by the ablation procedure. Stab phlebectomy is a procedure that removes affected veins through small incisions.

10 Foods That Can Reduce Your Risk of Macular Degeneration


Macular Degeneration is the leading cause of irreversible blindness in the elderly, surpassing cataracts and glaucoma, despite the fact that as we age, our eyes become more vulnerable to various harmful conditions.


The deterioration of the macula and the subsequent loss of those important functions is known as age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Over ten million Americans are affected by AMD.


The good news is that a growing body of evidence suggests that eating the right foods can reduce your chances of developing AMD. Nutrition can be an effective means of extending the life of our eyes.


1. Omega-3 fatty acids

So, what are these amazing foods that can help with AMD? One category includes foods high in omega-3 fatty acids, which are thought to help the retina's photoreceptor cells. Cold, deepwater fish like salmon and sardines, as well as walnuts, Brussels sprouts, spinach, and omega-3-enriched foods like yogurt and eggs, are good sources of omega-3s.


2. A dynamic carotenoid duo

The macular region of the retina contains high concentrations of two key carotenoids, lutein, and zeaxanthin, which are thought to help the eyes by filtering out harmful, high-energy blue wavelengths of light. However, because the human body does not produce all of the lutein and zeaxanthin required for this important function, it is critical to obtain these nutrients from foods such as kale, spinach, collard greens, and turnip greens.


3. Antioxidant vitamins

Another aspect of health that can benefit from antioxidants, such as vitamins E and C, is vision. Because oxidative stress increases with age, antioxidants can protect against the harmful effects of oxidant chemical buildup.


Citrus, peppers, broccoli, and strawberries are excellent sources of vitamin C, while peanuts, hazelnuts, almonds, broccoli, spinach, safflower seeds, and fortified foods such as breakfast cereals are excellent sources of vitamin E.


4. Mighty minerals

Let's start with zinc, a mineral that aids in the delivery of vitamin A from the liver to the retina, which is required for the production of melanin—a pigment that protects the eye. It's not surprising, then, that zinc deficiency has been linked to vision problems like poor night vision and cataracts. Oysters, red meat, poultry, beans, whole grains, and some dairy products are high in zinc.


5. Your daily D

Vitamin D may improve macular degeneration. This nutrient has the potential to provide triple protection against age-related problems due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, as well as its anti-angiogenic properties, which means it can inhibit the growth of new blood vessels involved in wet AMD.


6. Anti-inflammatory nutrients

Chronic inflammation in the retina and the vascular layer of the eye called the choroid could be the causes of AMD. Fortunately, many of these nutrients, such as lutein, zeaxanthin, omega-3 fatty acids, and vitamin D, have anti-inflammatory properties that help protect the eyes from AMD.


7. Mediterranean diet

The Mediterranean diet is a healthy eating pattern that is high in beneficial foods like vegetables, fruit, and fish and low in harmful foods like saturated fats and trans fats. Adherence to a Mediterranean diet was linked to a lower risk of progression.


8. Coffee 

That cup of joe has far more health benefits than anyone imagined. Caffeine appears to be protective against macular degeneration.


Macular degeneration is less common in people who drink the equivalent of one espresso shot per day.


9. Ditch junk food

A 2001 study found that certain types of fat—vegetable, monounsaturated, and polyunsaturated fats, as well as linoleic acid—found in store-bought, highly-processed foods like margarine, cake and cookies, commercially-prepared pie, potato chips, peanut butter, and French fries, may increase the risk of developing advanced AMD.


10. Embrace a healthier lifestyle

While a healthy diet can help protect your eyes from AMD, it is only one piece of the puzzle. Other smart strategies include not smoking, exercising regularly, and maintaining normal blood pressure and cholesterol levels.


Top 5 Sciatica Management Tips You Should Be Aware Of

Sciatica, or pain in the sciatic nerve, may be extremely uncomfortable and debilitating. Because proper relief can take some time, and several treatments, dealing with the pain on a regular basis during that period can be challenging. There are numerous ways to significantly minimize sciatica pain while receiving treatment for your back pain. Keep in mind that you should utilize any therapies with your doctor's knowledge and approach t avoid making any underlying problems worse.


Read on to discover some of the ways you can ease your sciatica pain at home.


1. Stretching

Consider some targeted and gentle stretching as part of your daily routine to aid with sciatica pain relief, spinal health promotion, and sciatica flare-up prevention. The purpose of these stretches should be to strengthen the core and spine while simultaneously enhancing spinal flexibility and overall mobility. Most stretches are easy on the body and may be included in your daily routine.


2. Gentle exercise

Similar to stretching, an effective workout can be helpful and can even minimize sciatica pain. In fact, if you rest too much, your symptoms can worsen. Exercises that are simple, quick, and don't cause pain or tension might be beneficial. A walk around the block is an outstanding example of a physical activity that keeps you active and reduces spinal tension without causing more damage. Not only can it help your spine feel better, but it also can help lessen pain perception by boosting the production of endorphins.


3. Heat and cold therapy 

Temperature-based alternating treatment can provide instant but short-lasting relief from sciatica pain. While warmth from a heating pad can promote blood circulation to the injured region and boost the healing processes, ice packs can help lessen inflammation. If you are experiencing both pain and muscle spasms at the same time, this could be extremely helpful.


Apply 15 minutes of heat every two to three hours, followed by 15 minutes of ice every hour. Use a covering, such as a towel, at all times to shield your skin from heat and cold. Never leave the heat or ice on while you sleep.


4. Posture 

Although it might seem like it's the last time you'd want to pay attention to your posture, it's crucial when you have sciatica pain. Long lengths of time spent in the same position may aggravate your symptoms. Consider adjusting your posture every 20 minutes or so. Take note of your form. This way, you'll eliminate the pressure on your spine and reduces sciatica symptoms.


5. Medications 

Medication can heal no illness, not even sciatica. However, it may be beneficial to use drugs sparingly to alleviate pain and allow you to stretch and exercise. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), which decrease inflammation and pain, are accessible without a prescription. However, since they do have certain health risks and are not recommended for those who have certain disorders, always consult your doctor before using any pain relief medication.


The bottom line 

Back pain should be taken seriously and should prompt you to see an orthopedic doctor. You can make use of the aforementioned strategies to control your symptoms while you wait for your appointment. Don't put off professional treatment for too long. Otherwise, you run the risk of your condition getting worse. Damage to sciatic nerves may result in loss of sensation, pins, and needles, and, in more severe cases, weakness in the knees or legs. The duration of numbness and weakness will increase the longer you postpone the treatment. In rare cases, untreated sciatica can cause nerve damage that is irreversible.

10 Signs You've Found the Right Dermatologist for Psoriasis

Psoriasis is an autoimmune condition that causes skin cells to develop more quickly than they should. Excessive skin cell development results in red, itchy, and scaly skin.


There are numerous forms of psoriasis, and the intensity, location, and size of the affected regions varies from person to person. Therefore, your psoriasis is unique to you, and you require the services of a dermatologist who will collaborate with you to determine the best treatment options. Still, how can you know if your new dermatologist is good for you?


1. They're Board-Certified

This may sound apparent, but you want the greatest dermatologist possible. There are numerous organizations that can certify a dermatologist. The American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) has confidence in dermatologists accredited by the following three organizations:

- American Board of Dermatology

- American Osteopathic Board of Dermatology

- The Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada


2. They Fit Your Insurance (and Your Budget)

Your insurance company may restrict the dermatologists and treatments you can seek. Even if you have a flexible insurance plan, you may end yourself footing some of the expenses for your dermatologist visits.


3. They Have Experience With Psoriasis

Most dermatologists are familiar with the symptoms of psoriasis. Each instance, however, is unique. A dermatologist with psoriasis experience can advise you on your unique symptoms and treatment options.


4. They're Flexible With Treatments

Because psoriasis is so diverse, there are numerous therapy choices. A dermatologist who has treated psoriasis will be familiar with these therapies and can educate you on them.


Assume your dermatologist prescribes a treatment regimen with little flexibility or thought. In that situation, you may be overlooking a viable therapeutic alternative.


5. Their Practice Fits Your Lifestyle

Making time for and getting to appointments are only two of the many obstacles to seeking assistance. Consider the following while looking for a dermatologist to treat your psoriasis:

- Is their office location convenient to your house or workplace?

- Do their regular hours work with your schedule? If not, are you able to book appointments in the evenings or on weekends?

- What are their procedures for cancellation and rescheduling?

- Do they offer telemedicine, phone, or other virtual appointment options?

- How often and how long are the appointments? Will you have to take time off work for any treatments?


6. They Listen to You

It is critical to choose a doctor who will listen to you. Psoriasis can develop into a number of chronic disorders, such as psoriatic arthritis, type 2 diabetes, and other autoimmune diseases. When you have psoriasis concerns, you want your dermatologist to listen carefully and deliver appropriate therapy.


7. They Treat You With Respect

You want your dermatologist to see you as more than simply a name on a piece of paper if you have psoriasis. When they respect you, you can work together to make sound health decisions.


8. They're Interested in Your Life

Psoriasis frequently flares up as a result of environmental influences. Your dermatologist should be interested in your life, particularly probable psoriasis triggers.


A common trigger is a stress. As a result, your dermatologist should inquire about your stressors, how you deal with them, and so on.


9. They Enable Questions

They are concerned about your health. Your dermatologist should encourage you to ask questions regarding your psoriasis.


You can both make informed judgments regarding psoriasis therapy by asking questions. However, if your dermatologist does not establish a welcoming environment that encourages questioning, then they may not be right for you.


10. They Answer Questions Clearly

Once you've asked your questions, your dermatologist must provide clear answers. Medical jargon and abstract concepts will not give you control over your therapy.

4 Simple Ways Women Can Advance Their Careers

Women and careers were once considered to be unrelated terms. However, times have evolved. Women aged 16 and over made up 75,175,000 of the labor force in 2017, or 46.9% of the entire workforce.


There are tactics that women should take into account when they want to improve their professions, even if women's career paths have frequently been rocky; pay inequalities and the persistent glass ceiling continue to be barriers.


Despite these obstacles, there is a perception that women are gradually succeeding in the workforce. Indeed, there is a ton of job guidance for women available, and some of the news is encouraging. More women than ever are employed, and they hold a higher proportion of managerial and executive positions than in the past. Women now own a lot more companies than in the past.


Not all of the news is positive, though. Despite the fact that many businesses claim to be committed to gender diversity, this dedication has not resulted in any appreciable advancements overall. Not only is progress slow, but in certain situations, it has stalled.


Companies need to act more firmly right now. Starting with setting goals and holding executives responsible for the performance, entails treating gender diversity as the business priority that it is. It calls for reducing gender disparities in recruiting and advancement, particularly early in the pipeline where women are most frequently disregarded. And it entails making more daring efforts to develop a courteous and inclusive culture so that women—as well as all workers—feel supported in the office.


Following these suggestions is a step in the right way for women who want to develop in their careers.


There are alternative ways to demonstrate your areas of competence if self-promotion is not something you are comfortable doing. There are various ways to demonstrate your knowledge in most workplaces. It might be as easy as updating your employer and his/her boss on the status of various projects and any accomplishments once a month through email.


1. Choose academic programs with a critical eye to create a well-rounded CV

With technology transforming every company's workspace at a rapid rate, getting an MBA isn't the only route to success in leadership.


Instead, pupils are aware of a business's operations and technology requirements.


According to a survey by the National Association of Corporate Directors, cybersecurity is what keeps board members up at night. You should be aware of how various systems interact and how that affects the company.


Gain a distinctive understanding of business and technology principles by, for example, minoring in financial accounting while majoring in computer sciences, or by majoring in economics or strategic management and earning certifications in cybersecurity and privacy law in addition to a CPA license or auditing certification.


2. Seek out mentors

Girls Who Code is a great organization for young women in their pre-college years, and the Executive Women's Forum members can be great mentors to college students and young professionals.


3. Take advantage of free online resources to strengthen your skillset

Utilize the rise in publically accessible online educational materials to overcome the pandemic's increased barriers for women in the workforce.


Take courses from LinkedIn Learning, the International Association of Privacy Professionals, AWS, OCI, and Microsoft during the time you would have spent commuting to work.


4. Create a more inclusive workplace through flexibility, understanding, and vital resources

Finally, women in leadership positions may encourage their female team members right away by being aware of the difficulties they encounter in the workplace.


This entails giving female caregivers the option of working flexible hours, offering and promoting mental health resources to all staff members, supporting women in advancing their professions, and giving them access to career coaches.


Just because society believes it should, don't let women leave the workforce when they have children.

4 Great Benefits of Blackberries for Your Health

While many fruits offer a delicious and nutritious mix, few have as many remarkable health advantages as blackberries.


These delectable morsels, sometimes mistaken for black raspberries, are one of many berries belonging to the Rubus genus. Remember that after raspberries are harvested, the stem stays on the plant and leaves a hollow if you need help telling the two apart. The stem of a blackberry remains attached to the fruit.


So, why could you think about adding this berry to your menu? Here are four health advantages of blackberry.


1. They have a lot of fiber

  1. The majority of people don't consume enough fiber daily. A low-fiber diet has been associated with digestive issues like bloating, constipation, and stomach pain, which is a problem. And a 2013 study found that a lack of fiber may make you more susceptible to heart disease.

You might benefit from a high-fiber diet if you need to:

- lower your cholesterol

- encourage typical bowel motions

- control blood sugar levels by slowing down the rate of sugar absorption, prolong the feeling of fullness after eating, and give good gut bacteria fuel

- Blackberries have a significant level of fiber for such a little berry. Raw blackberries have about 8 grams per cup.


2. May benefit dental health
According to a 2013 study published in the Journal of Periodontal Research, blackberries exhibit antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and antiviral properties. This might provide a natural treatment method for tooth infections. According to a study, blackberries may have antiviral qualities as well. When administered topically, blackberry extract may be used to treat cold sores. Everybody knows self-medication can harm your health, so before managing oral issues, consult outstanding dental practitioners.


3. A vitamin

Vitamin A, which has several uses in the body, is present in blackberries. The immune system, which fights off diseases and infections, is supported by vitamin A. Additionally, it promotes the development and upkeep of teeth and bones and the maintenance of good skin.


The pigments in the retina of the eye are produced by vitamin A, which also supports vision, especially in low light.


4. Cardiovascular disease prevention

Blackberries' anthocyanins may also be beneficial for illnesses that impact your heart and blood arteries, such as cardiovascular disease. When plaque accumulates inside your arteries, it causes atherosclerosis, a common cause of cardiovascular disease. This accumulation may result in:

- chest pains

- kidney illness

- a disease of the peripheral arteries

- stroke


Inflammation, high blood pressure, and excessive cholesterol are frequently the causes of plaque formation. Although it is unknown whether anthocyanins lower blood pressure, numerous studies have shown reductions in cholesterol and inflammation.


Blackberry risks that could arise

Blackberries are generally safe to eat because they haven't been found to interact with any medications, foods, or illnesses. A study published in the journal Antioxidants found that although blackberry allergies (or berry allergies in general) are uncommon, they do exist. According to the American College of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology, continue with caution and keep an eye out for common food allergy symptoms, such as stomach cramps, rashes, coughing, or difficulty swallowing, if you're new to blackberries and have a history of food allergies.


How to increase your intake of blackberries

Blackberries are delicious and eaten raw all by themselves. 

If you're choosing the fruit yourself, it's black with shiny skin that looks full and juicy and is simple to pick without any resistance from the stem. Look for mildew, slime, or an unusual odor before purchasing blackberries to avoid rotten ones.


Blackberries can be easily used as a garnish for drinks, fruit salads, ice cream, and yogurt. If you want to be a little fancy, you'll have a blast including them in pies, jams, salads, dressings, oats, mocktails, muffins, cakes, and chia pudding.

6 Foods That Can Trigger Rheumatoid Arthritis Flare-Ups

You’ve probably heard that following a well-balanced diet can help relieve symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis like joint pain, swelling, and stiffness. But did you know there are also some foods you should avoid if you have rheumatoid arthritis? These foods can exacerbate your symptoms, provoke a flare-up, raise your risk of complications, and impact the amount and type of medication you need to take.


What you eat matters when it comes to managing your condition. Your food choices can help manage inflammation related to rheumatoid arthritis in your body that provoke pain and swelling in your joints as well as damage in your heart and other organs.


It’s essential to increase your consumption of healthy anti-inflammatory foods such as fish, fruits, nuts, and vegetables. At the same time, you need to avoid foods that increase inflammation. Stay away from these foods to help lower inflammation and improve your RA:


1. Foods and beverages that are high in sugar 

High-sugar foods play a big role in exacerbating autoimmune diseases including rheumatoid arthritis. People who drink more than one sugary soda a day are 63 percent more likely to get rheumatoid arthritis than those who drink less than one sugary soda drink a month. Check food labels for sugar content and don't forget about sugars that go by other names like fructose and sucrose.


2. Foods high in sodium (salt)

The inflammation related to rheumatoid arthritis can damage your heart as well as your joints. Sodium puts a big stress on your heart by retaining extra fluid in your body, which can increase your blood pressure. Plus, the corticosteroid medications that many patients take to treat rheumatoid arthritis can also make the body retain sodium. 


Limit the amount of sodium to 1500 milligrams a day. Beware when ordering in or eating out. Americans get most of their salt from processed foods and restaurant meals.


3. Alcoholic beverages

A moderate consumption of alcohol (less than one glass of wine or beer a day) can help reduce your risk of rheumatoid arthritis. If you already have rheumatoid arthritis, resveratrol, a compound contained in red wine, might help reduce inflammation, but it’s important to limit the amount of alcohol you consume when you have rheumatoid arthritis. 


Many medications used to treat rheumatoid arthritis don’t mix well with alcohol. These include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) which raise the risk of stomach issues like bleeding and ulcers when you drink. If you’re taking methotrexate, you should stay away from alcohol to lower your risk of liver damage. 


4. Foods rich in saturated fats and trans fats

Inflammation related to rheumatoid arthritis raises your risk of heart disease. Foods rich in saturated fats (cheese, red meat, and processed snacks such as potato chips) can increase your cholesterol levels and raise your risk of heart disease and stroke. 


Moreover, the trans fats found in fried foods, stick margarine, processed snack foods, frozen breakfast products, crackers, donuts, and cookies can provoke body-wide inflammation. Avoiding these unhealthy fats is essential for heart health, and doing so may also help people with rheumatoid arthritis find some relief.


5. Oils that are rich in omega-6 fatty acids

Oils high in omega-6 fatty acids like vegetable oils can exacerbate RA-related inflammation. Reducing your consumption of omega-6s to less than 90 milligrams daily can help you relieve symptoms related to rheumatoid arthritis. But don’t confuse sources of omega-6 fatty acids with healthy omega-3-rich foods. Some oils, like corn and olive oils, contain both types of fatty acids.


6. Processed foods

A clean diet that restricts processed foods can lower RA-related inflammation in the body significantly. Clean foods are those that closely resemble what it looked like when it sprouted in the ground or on the branches of a tree. Ingredients are all recognizable, and there are a few if any additives or preservatives. The goal is to eat foods that are pesticide-free and from locally grown sources. 

7 Debunked Myths About Infertility

Fertility issues may be frustrating and challenging for any relationship. Reproduction is such a delicate (and emotionally charged) issue that it's a breeding soil for misconceptions. Some couples want to get pregnant so desperately that they'll go to any length to acquire it, whether it's listening to old wives' tales about what to eat to get particular sex or Googling their issues for hours on end to find answers from more questionable blogs. 


But the last thing you need to do is search through shady blogs to determine what is true and what is false. In this article, we have gathered seven debunked myths about infertility that you shouldn't believe in.


1. Only women can be infertile

Men and women are equally affected by infertility. Approximately 25% of infertility is caused by the male partner, 25% by the female spouse, 25% by a mix of both male and female factors, and 25% by an unknown reason.


2. Being on the pill decreases the ability to get pregnant later in life

There is no scientific evidence that using oral contraceptives has a negative long-term effect on fertility. If you're having trouble becoming pregnant, it's most likely due to anything else. It is critical to know that if you stop taking birth control to prepare for pregnancy, you should regularly track your menstrual cycle.


If your periods do not return to normal after 3-4 months of discontinuing birth control, you should consult a gynecologist, since being on the pill might disguise symptoms of illnesses such as polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS).


3. Infertility is uncommon

Infertility is far more frequent than most people assume. One in every eight couples experiences infertility. Problems with fertility affect roughly 6.7 million women in the United States. One in four women will have a miscarriage at some point in their lives. If you have more than one miscarriage, this may signal that you need to seek specialized reproductive treatment.


4. Lifestyle doesn’t affect fertility

Women who are significantly underweight or overweight, with a BMI of 30 or higher, may have difficulty conceiving. Overweight men may also have reproductive issues. A healthy weight and a well-balanced diet will assist you in conceiving. 


Quitting smoking, avoiding drinking, and abstaining from illegal drug usage can all help. Medications and medical disorders such as diabetes can have a role, so consult your doctor. Improving fertility can sometimes be as easy as changing medications.


5. Age affects only female fertility

While it is true that women's fertility declines with age, they are not the only ones who see fertility changes as they age. Between the ages of 32 and 37, women's fertility drops significantly, often by as much as 50%. Male infertility, like female infertility, rises with age. After the age of 40, a man's sperm volume and motility are probably going to start decreasing.


6. Irregular cycles indicate infertility

Many women are concerned that they are infertile if their periods are irregular. However, the odd irregular cycle is fairly prevalent. Disruptions in sleep, exercise regimen, and stress levels can all affect the delicate hormonal balance that regulates the menstrual cycle.


While irregular periods may not always indicate infertility, they might make conceiving difficult. Ovulation, which occurs around 14 days before your next period, is the best time to have sex; if your cycle is irregular, timing sex might be difficult. If this is the case, it's best to see your gynecologist as soon as possible, especially if you've gone more than three or four months without a period.


7. If you have one child, you can't be infertile

A previous successful pregnancy does not ensure a successful pregnancy the second time around. Secondary infertility is highly prevalent and may be extremely difficult for couples trying to have a sibling.

Top 6 Ways to Tackle Crooked Teeth You Should Be Aware Of

Many people, regardless of their age, can have uneven or even severely misaligned teeth from birth or due to severe dental problems. You could have crooked teeth for a variety of causes, such as heredity, poor dental hygiene, thumb-sucking during childhood, or injury-related tooth damage.


While there are many factors that might lead to misaligned teeth, there are also many ways your smile could be brought back to normal. Your self-confidence may be greatly impacted by having your teeth straightened, and doing so can also prevent major dental health problems from occurring down the road. Here are the five cosmetic dentistry solutions for crooked teeth that you might want to consider:


1. Dental bonding

Dental bonding is a short treatment that may make your smile more aesthetically pleasing. Your teeth must first be covered in composite resin before being sculpted into the proper form. Bonding can help eliminate empty spaces between teeth and fix severely stained teeth, giving your smile a more unified appearance.


2. Veneers

If your teeth are abnormally shaped and you strive for immediate changes but don't want to remove any teeth or undergo other invasive procedures, veneers are a fantastic option. Veneers are very thin porcelain or composite resin shells that are attached to the fronts of your teeth. Your dental specialist will shave off a tiny layer of the enamel prior to applying your veneers in order to provide a flat surface for them to adhere to. With the right maintenance, veneers are a durable cosmetic option that may endure for up to 20 years.


3. Braces

One of the most popular ways to straighten misaligned teeth is with braces. Conventional metal braces involve fixing special brackets to the fronts of your teeth. In order to move teeth into the right position over the course of several months or years, wires and rubber bands join the brackets together.


Braces can assist in the treatment of dental issues such as overcrowding, overbites, and underbites by moving teeth into a more aligned position. However, they may make it harder to practice proper dental hygiene due to their design.


4. Clear aligners

Clear aligners are a more discrete choice for teeth straightening than traditional braces. This type of treatment employs clear plastic trays that are specially fitted to your teeth and progressively reposition them into their proper location. Because aligners are virtually invisible, most people will not know you are wearing them.


5. Contouring

Dental contouring sometimes referred to as tooth reshaping, can smooth out slight imperfections in the form, length, or surface texture of your teeth. The front teeth are often the ones that undergo tooth contouring, which is frequently utilized to repair chipped and correct somewhat crowded and gapped teeth.


The dentist will remove a tiny layer of enamel from your tooth using a rotating tool called a bur. The process is short and not at all painful. Most of the time, anesthesia is not required.


6. Crowns

A crown is a tooth-shaped cap that completely encases your tooth's visible structure above the gum line. Crowns are a common restorative option employed in cases of serious tooth decay or damage to the teeth. They might also extend short teeth to make your smile look more even.


Crowns can be created from a variety of materials, including porcelain or ceramic in accordance with your financial situation, aesthetic choices, and oral health requirements. Crowns are a strong, realistic-looking solution to hide various dental flaws and increase the structural strength of your teeth.

What to Know About Enameloplasty

Enameloplasty is a cosmetic dentistry procedure in which small amounts of tooth enamel are removed to reshape the teeth. This is also known as dental contouring or odontoplasty.


The dentist essentially files or sands down the surfaces of the teeth during this procedure to correct chipped teeth or to improve the symmetry and appearance of your smile.


Enameloplasty is a popular cosmetic procedure that is painless and noninvasive. If you're thinking about having this done, it's critical to understand the fundamentals of how it works, the risks, and the recovery process, which this article will go over.


Following the removal and reshaping of teeth, they are polished and whitened to remove discoloration and add a lustrous appearance. This results in a bright, even, and appealing smile.


Does It Hurt?

Enameloplasty is a painless procedure because there are no nerves within the outer enamel of teeth (the portion that is sanded, filed, or otherwise removed). Anesthetic is not usually required, but if you are nervous about the procedure, you can request it.


How Long Does It Take?

While much depends on the specific work being done, most enameloplasty procedures in the dental office last about a half hour.


What Is Recovery Like?

Because enameloplasty is a painless, noninvasive procedure, there is no special care required during recovery. You can resume your normal eating and drinking habits, but be aware of any adverse side effects, such as temporary sensitivity to hot or cold.


How Often Do You Need Enameloplasty?

Enameloplasty is a cosmetic dentistry procedure that has permanent results. The number of procedures required to correct unevenness or other issues with your smile will be determined by the scope of the work. For the majority of people, one procedure should suffice.


Enameloplasty Cost

A variety of factors influence the out-of-pocket costs of dental contouring procedures. These are some examples:

- Insurance coverage. Many insurance plans will not cover cosmetic procedures. They may, however, provide partial coverage if the enameloplasty is used to repair teeth that have been chipped due to accidents or falls.

- The extent of the work. The amount and scope of the work required can also have an impact on how much you're charged for contouring. The procedure typically costs between $50 and $300 per tooth.

- Additional procedures. Tartar and plaque on the teeth must be removed prior to an enameloplasty. In these cases, a standard cleaning appointment is required, which can increase costs.


Learn what is covered by speaking with the staff at your cosmetic dentist's office as well as a representative from your insurance company.


Side Effects of Dental Contouring

Although the procedure is painless, some side effects may occur. The enamel layer is only about 2.58 millimeters thick after treatment, leaving little room for error. Side effects include increased tooth sensitivity, increased decay risk, yellow teeth, increased tooth fragility, and easier chipping and cracking.


The Bottom Line

Enameloplasty is a safe and effective procedure for making cosmetic changes to teeth. Overall, the outlook is very positive; most people have no side effects or other issues following this procedure. Typically, no recovery time is required.


Enameloplasty, also known as odontoplasty or dental contouring, corrects minor tooth shape issues. Cosmetic dentists remove small amounts of enamel to correct chips, pointy teeth, and other shape irregularities. Enameloplasty is a painless procedure that takes about 30 minutes and requires little recovery time. Despite the possibility of some side effects, enameloplasty is a safe and effective minimally invasive procedure.


Along with other cosmetic dentistry procedures, enameloplasty can help you improve your smile. It is well-tolerated and painless, and it has assisted countless people in correcting minor issues with their smiles. This procedure can help you regain your self-esteem. Discuss with your dentist the benefits of enameloplasty and other cosmetic dentistry procedures.

What to Know About Fibroids and Pregnancy

Whether you are already pregnant, trying to become pregnant, or simply considering a future pregnancy, learning that you have one or more uterine fibroids can be concerning. You may be wondering what, if anything, you should do to treat uterine fibroids during or before pregnancy, whether those treatments are even safe, and how treating fibroids affects your chances of later becoming pregnant.


Uterine fibroids rarely interfere with pregnancy. They can, however, present difficulties depending on their location.

Can I get pregnant if I have uterine fibroids?

Yes. Fibroids affect only 5-10% of infertile women. In other words, it is not a primary cause of infertility, and having fibroids does not guarantee that you will have difficulty getting pregnant.


However, it is important to note that fibroids can disrupt both conception and implantation. Uterine fibroids can interfere with pregnancy in a variety of ways. This includes sperm-blocking anatomical abnormalities, changes in normal uterine contractions, anti-inflammatory responses, and uterine lining changes.


Should I treat uterine fibroids before I get pregnant? 

Yes, in theory. If you are diagnosed with fibroids outside of pregnancy and your doctor determines that the size or location of your fibroids may interfere with your chances of conceiving or carrying a baby to full term, it is best to have them surgically removed before becoming pregnant. However, the timing of that treatment should be coordinated with your doctor.


You should try to schedule the surgery around the time you want to conceive. Otherwise, you risk having more fibroids or fibroid regrowth if you wait too long after surgery to try to conceive.


How do fibroids influence pregnancy?

In many cases, fibroids have no effect on pregnancy, but their size can sometimes interfere with your prenatal care.


It can be difficult to measure the size of the baby and assess fetal growth if they are extremely large, so we may need to perform regular ultrasounds to ensure the baby is growing normally.


Furthermore, fibroids can increase your risk of placental issues such as placental abruption and placenta previa. The other issue to be concerned with during pregnancy is the growth of existing fibroids; increases in hormone production during pregnancy can cause changes in the size of fibroids, whether they are larger or smaller.


Can I treat fibroids during pregnancy?

Unfortunately, there isn't much you can do to treat fibroids during pregnancy; most surgical procedures on the uterus will only be performed in rare cases to protect the baby.


Your doctor will most likely advise you to manage any pain symptoms during pregnancy conservatively, which may include getting more rest and taking pregnancy-safe pain relievers.


How do fibroids affect delivery?

While many pregnant women have fibroids and no complications during pregnancy, there are still risks, such as preterm labor and postpartum hemorrhaging.


Because fibroids enlarge the uterus, you may be predisposed to preterm labor if they are large. For the same reason, there is an increased risk of abnormal bleeding during delivery, and the uterus may not contract as easily as a non-fibroid uterus after delivery.


Because fibroids in the lower segment of the uterus can cause the baby to present in a breech position, increasing your chances of needing a C-section, the location of your fibroids can affect the outcome of your baby's birth.


What should I do about my fibroids after pregnancy?

That is dependent on what happens to them after pregnancy, because the hormonal changes associated with childbirth and breastfeeding may aid in the shrinkage of fibroids.


However, if your fibroids persist after delivery, the standard fibroid treatments used for non-pregnant women are still relatively safe. However, it is advised to wait at least six months postpartum before undergoing any surgical procedures to allow the uterus to heal and shrink back to its normal size.

6 Effective Tips on How to Look After Your Braces

Over 4 million people in the United States use braces. Orthodontic treatment not only promotes your dental health but also aligns and straightens your teeth, improving your facial appearance. However, if not properly cared for, braces can cause certain oral issues. In this article, we have gathered six effective tips on how to look after your braces.


1. Pay attention to what you eat

Soft and cold foods and beverages are kind to your teeth and will help if your teeth are tender or sensitive. Cold food has the extra benefit of temporarily numbing your mouth. Yogurt, smoothies, applesauce, soup, ripe bananas, porridge, scrambled eggs, milkshakes, smoothies, and protein drinks are some of the finest soft meals for braces. For the first several days, choose alternatives that require less chewing.


When you're ready to resume your usual diet, you can eat whatever you want as long as it's not on the list of items you can't eat with braces, which includes foods that are extremely hard, chewy, or sticky. These foods might cause damage to your braces.


2. Use salt water to rinse your mouth

Rinsing your mouth with salt water will help minimize irritation and inflammation, as well as speed up the healing of any sores. Dissolve half a teaspoon of salt in a cup of warm water and rinse your mouth for 30 seconds with the solution.


3. Brush and floss your teeth

When you wear braces, food gets stuck more often than before. Food particles and bacteria live on all of the cables and brackets. The longer all of it remains in place, the more likely plaque accumulation becomes and, even worse, cavities develop. Always clean your teeth after eating.


It is also critical to continue flossing when wearing braces. Floss between the braces and beneath the wires once a day. Here are some brace flossing tips: invest in floss threaders to make it easier to reach under and around your braces. Also, waxed floss will not get stuck on your braces as easily as unwaxed floss.


4. Massage your gums

Why not massage your gums for pain alleviation? It's really simple to accomplish. Simply softly massage your gums in a circular motion with one of your fingers. Before massaging your gums, gently rub them with a block of ice to maximize the impact. However, you should only do this for as long as it takes to soothe your gums.


5. Inspect for damage

You may discover damage based on how your teeth and gums look. Run your tongue along your braces as part of your daily orthodontic braces maintenance to look for anything out of position. Check in the mirror to make sure nothing is loose or damaged.


While some discomfort and irritation are common, especially when you just have got braces and after adjustments, excessive pain might indicate that your braces have been damaged. Make an appointment with your orthodontist right away to check.


6. Use dental wax

After installing braces, your dentist will most likely recommend using dental wax. It is an excellent tool for concealing brackets that irritate the inside of your lips or wires that protrude from the rear of your mouth. It acts as a shield between your braces and your mouth. Simply spread a tiny bit between your fingers until it gets soft, then apply it to the region of your braces that is troubling you.


The bottom line

Your teeth and mouth may be uncomfortable and/or tender when you first get braces. For up to two weeks, your lips, cheeks, and gums may be sore while they adjust to the braces. The most crucial orthodontic braces maintenance tip is to always follow your dentist's recommendations. They offer you precise instructions to follow, not as a recommendation, but to assist you in taking better care of your braces and teeth.

8 Foods and Drinks That Can Worsen Your Oral Health

Many people believe that the foods and beverages they consume on a daily basis have no effect on the health of their teeth and gums. The truth, however, is the exact reverse. A nutritious diet can help your body get the vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients it needs.


If you want to have healthy teeth and gums, you must practice good dental hygiene, visit a dentist twice a year, and eat a well-balanced diet. This means you should avoid the following foods and drinks that can damage your teeth and gums.


1. Sour candy

It should come as no surprise that confectionery is bad for your teeth. However, sour candy includes various types of acids that are more difficult on your teeth. Moreover, because they're chewy, they adhere to your teeth for a longer period of time, increasing the likelihood of decay. If you're craving something sweet, try a square of chocolate, which you can devour fast and wash away effortlessly.


2. Sugary and carbonated drinks

Sugary sodas, juices, energy drinks, and milkshakes are quite bad beverages for your oral cavity. They wash your teeth in sticky, sweet liquids that are also acidic. When the acid level in our mouth falls below a pH of 5.5, our teeth begin to deteriorate, and sodas often have a pH of 3 to 4. Other carbonated drinks, such as seltzers, are acidic as well. So are coffees and alcoholic beverages, which are frequently accompanied by sweet syrups and mixers.


3. Citrus juices and fruits

Unquestionably, citrus fruits and juices belong to a healthy diet. However, if you consume a lot of citruses, the acid in the fruit can erode away at the enamel of your teeth, rendering them prone to infection and cavities. Using a straw when drinking juice will allow some of the acid to skip your teeth. And wait at least 30 minutes before cleaning your teeth after eating or drinking anything acidic.


4. Ice

You'd be shocked how many people believe that ice is beneficial to their teeth. After all, it's made of water and has no sugar or other chemicals. Chewing on hard items, on the other hand, might expose your teeth to a dental emergency and destroy enamel. That's why it is better to break the habit and consume water in its natural form.


5. Snacks and crisps

Chips have a texture that becomes "gummy" after chewing. The resultant material sticks around in your mouth. Crisps are starchy and can become caught in your teeth, allowing acid-producing bacteria to damage your teeth and increase your risk of dental decay. The starch in crisps converts to sugar, which becomes stuck between your teeth and feeds plaque and bacteria, eventually leading to cavities.


6. Dried fruit

Although some dried fruits look to be nutritious snacks, others, such as apricots, prunes, and figs, are sticky. They stick to your teeth and leave a lot of sugar behind. This is not to say you shouldn't eat them at all. However, you should rinse your mouth with water, brush, and floss afterward. However,  fresh fruit is always preferable to dried produce.


7. Alcohol

Many people may be aware that consuming alcohol isn't very healthy. But did you know that drinking causes your mouth to dry out? A dry mouth lacks saliva, which is necessary for tooth health. Saliva keeps food particles from clinging to your teeth and wipes them away. It even aids in the treatment of early indicators of tooth decay, gum disease, and other oral diseases. 


8. Sauce for pasta

Tomatoes are healthy, but you should be mindful that they are quite acidic. And when you top your spaghetti with a tomato-based pasta sauce, you're giving your tongue a double whammy. The acidic tomato sauce dissolves tooth enamel, while the carbohydrates in the pasta feed the germs that cause cavities.

Top 5 Seemingly Minor Foot Problems That Can Become Quite Dangerous

Numerous conditions can severely damage your feet. Many of us frequently seek medical care and receive treatment when we are in excruciating pain or suffering. However, some of us also opt to ignore or try ineffective home remedies for painless or minor problems. Even if your corns or bunions don't cause you much pain or discomfort, don't ignore the issue, and visit a reputable podiatry center to stop them from getting worse. 


Here are the five minor foot problems that might eventually progress into serious conditions and cause irreversible damage.


1. Bunions

A bunion is a bony growth that develops when the toe joint gets misaligned and shifts out of position. Despite the fact that bunions can run in families, there are several risk factors you should still avoid to prevent them from developing or worsening. Your toes are more likely to move and develop bunions if you choose to wear high-heeled shoes or footwear with tiny toe boxes.


Bunions often develop in your big toes, although they can also form in your pinky toes. A bunion may first manifest without any symptoms or with relatively little pain. But as it progresses, a bunion may cause excruciating discomfort and even make it impossible to walk normally.


2. Ingrown toenails 

A toenail gets ingrown when it begins to grow downward and starts piercing the surrounding skin. Il-fitting footwear, a unique toenail shape, poor toenail care, or an existing injury can all contribute to the development of ingrown toenails.


An ingrown toenail may not initially exhibit any noticeable symptoms, and you might not even be aware of it. However, when it progresses further, it may cause excruciating discomfort. Furthermore, an untreated ingrown toenail can cause infection in the skin and underlying tissues.


3. Corns and calluses

Corns and calluses typically form on the skin that’s being constantly rubbed and irritated. These growths stem from dead skin cells to safeguard the delicate regions of your skin. Different body areas can develop corns and calluses, however, your feet are more prone to it.


It can appear that corns and calluses are harmless and easy to get rid of using a pumice stone. However, these growths on your skin can develop infected and cause excruciating discomfort. Furthermore, it is preferable to seek medical attention rather than self-treating if you're diabetic or have problems with blood flow.


4. Fungal infection

A skin disease called a fungal infection is brought on by an overgrowth of fungus. Although it can affect other parts of your body, the athlete's foot most frequently affects the feet. Symptoms that be brought on by a fungal infection on your feet include:

- Red, swollen, and itching skin

- Blisters

- Smelly feet


Athlete's foot can progress and fungus can spread to other body areas if it is not addressed. For instance, the fungus can cause discoloration, thickening, and detachment from the nail bed in your toenails.


5. Plantar warts

An infectious condition known as plant warts causes warts to appear on the bottom of the foot. These warts are brought on by certain papillomavirus strains. Skin-to-skin contact is an effective way to spread them, particularly if you have sores or cracks on your skin.


Plantar warts typically make walking painful and uncomfortable. Hence, it is crucial to address them right away. Use over-the-counter (OTC) drugs to get rid of plantar warts, or speak with your doctor about laser therapy and other available treatments.


The bottom line

It is crucial to realize that any potentially serious symptoms you might have should be evaluated by an experienced doctor. Even while they may appear insignificant at first, they might eventually lead to a great deal of pain and suffering. To keep your feet healthy for years to come, make sure to receive timely and appropriate treatment.

11 Reasons You Might Experience Cramps that Have Nothing to Do With Period

Menstrual cramps can be a nuisance for some women for a few days each month. Others, such as those suffering from endometriosis or adenomyosis, may experience severe, chronic, and even debilitating pain.


However, cramps and abdominal discomfort aren't always period-related, and if you have persistent pelvic pain, you should rule out other causes. This is especially true if your cramps do not improve or worsen at the same time each month. If you suspect that your persistent symptoms aren't caused by your monthly cycle, here are other possible causes.


1. Kidney stones 

Kidney stones are frequently associated with back or side pain just below the ribs. However, if a stone passes through the urinary tract, it can cause pain in the lower abdomen or even the vagina. An ultrasound or CT scan can aid in the diagnosis of this common condition, and blood and urine tests may be necessary to rule out other issues.


2. Painful bladder syndrome 

This condition, known technically as interstitial cystitis, is characterized by pain in the bladder that has no obvious or identifiable cause. Bladder muscles can contract and spasm in the same way that uterine muscles can, resulting in a cramping sensation. Sometimes the pain worsens with bladder filling and improves with bladder emptying, but this is not always the case.


3. A fibroid, cyst, or tumor 

If you have unexplained pelvic pain, your doctor will likely order imaging tests to rule out structural causes such as uterine fibroids, an ovarian cyst, or, in rare cases, a tumor in the reproductive organs. A colonoscopy may also be recommended by your doctor to ensure that you have no polyps in your bowel.


4. Ovarian torsion 

Only about 3% of all gynecological conditions are caused by this condition, and it is not caused by anything a woman does, such as jumping or twisting her body. According to experts, anyone experiencing sudden and severe abdominal pain, particularly if it is accompanied by vomiting, should go to the emergency room right away and be evaluated in a gynecology clinic.


5. Infection 

Some women recognize the symptoms of a urinary tract infection right away, such as a constant need to pee and a burning sensation when they go. However, a UTI can be difficult to diagnose at times. Lower abdominal pain and cramping can also be caused by UTIs, particularly in older women.


6. An untreated STI 

Untreated sexually transmitted infections such as chlamydia or gonorrhea can cause pelvic inflammatory disease. PID causes structural changes in the reproductive tract, which can lead to persistent abdominal pain, fever, abnormal vaginal discharge, pain or bleeding during sex, and infertility or pregnancy complications.


7. A pelvic-floor injury 

When a pelvic floor muscle becomes overly tight, the nerves surrounding it can become irritated, resulting in cramp-like pains. Exercise, old orthopedic injuries that did not heal properly, chronic constipation, or even sex can all cause this.


8. Sexual assault or domestic violence 

Tight pelvic-floor muscles are also linked to domestic violence or sexual assault. It's very common for women who have been abused to hold a lot of tension in this area and have difficulty relaxing those muscles—which can cause physical symptoms as well as make exams and intimate relations more painful.


9. Gas 

Bloating and cramping are common after eating gas-producing foods such as cauliflower, beans, and broccoli. Some people experience chronic bloating as a result of a bowel disorder, food intolerance, or even the way they breathe.


10. Food poisoning or stomach flu 

These stomach cramps causes are fairly obvious because they occur quickly and are frequently accompanied by vomiting or diarrhea in addition to pain. Food poisoning is frequently caused by bacteria such as salmonella, E. coli, or campylobacter, which can be found in undercooked meat or contaminated produce.


Similar symptoms can also be caused by a virus contracted through contaminated food or from another infected person.


11. A previous surgery 

If you've had abdominal surgery in the past and are now experiencing unexplained stomach cramps, it's possible that scars from the procedure are to blame. Scar tissue can become stuck to the layers of tissue beneath the skin, causing pain in the abdomen.